Academic word list exercise(Fuel and the environment essay)
The Academic Word List and IELTS writing
Fuel and the environment essay:- Academic word is exactly the sort of words you need to be able to use in your writing. They are all common words and you do need to learn to use them. This means learning:
- their grammar
- collocations/word combinations
- different word forms
Their meaning is not normally a problem.
What is the Academic Word List?
My daily word exercises are based on the Academic Word List (AWL) because the AWL is a list of the words most used in academic writing across all specialties (science, law, medicine, economics etc).
The AWL contains 570-word families subdivided into 10 lists with list 1 as the result the most frequently used words and list 10 the least. The idea is that list 1 contains the most common words and list 10 the least common.
Learning how to use these word List
This Word is a great tool but you need to know how to use it. Here are some quick tips.
Do not just focus on what the words mean because these are words you want to use for yourself.
Learn what all the common forms of the word are hence this means learning the word families
You need to know what other words you can use in combination with these words – this means collocations and prepositions. If you don’t know that then you can’t use them!
570-word families are not 570 words – it takes time – don’t rush it
There are 1000s of words in the Academic Word List and it will take time to master. Why? Each word is, in fact, a family of words e.g. analyse is not one word but at least 4:
Analyze – analysis – analytical – analytically
Review is important
Learning words need repetition. This is why I now have weekly review exercises.
Fuel and the environment essay:- Most people would accept that one of the highest priorities today is to find a solution to the various environmental problems facing mankind. It has been suggested that the best way to achieve this is for governments to raise the price of fuel. I am, however, not sure that this is necessarily the case.
One reason why this approach may not work is that there is not just one environmental problem the world faces today. If governments did make fuel more expensive, it might well help reduce the amount of carbon dioxide we produce and so slow down the rate of global warming and air pollution. However, it would not help with other major problems such as intensive farming, overpopulation, the hole in the ozone layer or water pollution. For these problems, we need to find other solutions.