The Academic Word List and IELTS writing
These words are exactly the sort of words you need to be able to use in your writing. They are all common words and you do need to learn to use them. This means learning:
- their grammar
- collocations/word combinations
- different word forms
Their meaning is not normally a problem.
What is the Academic Word List?
My daily word exercises are based on the Academic Word List (AWL). The AWL is a list of the words most used in academic writing across all specialties (science, law, medicine,economics etc).
The AWL contains 570 word families subdivided in 10 lists with list 1 containing the most frequently used words and list 10 the least. The idea is that list 1 contains the most common words and list 10 the least common.
Learning how to use the Academic Word List
The Academic Word List is a great tool but you need to know how to use it. Here are some quick tips.
Do not just focus on what the words mean – these are words you want to use for yourself.
Learn what all the common forms of the word are: this means learning the word families
You need to know what other words you can use in combination with these words – this means collocations and prepositions. If you don’t know that then you can’t use them!
570 word families is not 570 words – it takes time – don’t rush it
There are 1000s of words in the Academic Word List and it will take time to master. Why? Each word is in fact a family of words e.g. analyse is not one word but at least 4:
Analyse – analysis – analytical – analytically
Review is important
Learning words needs repetition. This is why I now have weekly review exercises.
IELTS essay exercises using the Academic Word List
One great way to learn words from the Academic Word List is to see how they are sued in context. These essay exercises will help with just that:
- Diet and health education
- Fuel and the environment
- Houses and apartments
- Education – compulsory education
- Education – the curriculum
- Prison and community service
- Nuclear technology
- Space research
Word formation exercises
Word formation and nouns: 6 sets of exercises to help you make nouns from list 1 of the Academic Word list
Exercises on the headwords in each sublist
Please note that this is a work in progress. That means I’m still working on it. Scheduled end date is December 2015. Also note that some of the links here will only take to you exercises and not complete lessons.
The complete list of AWL words
For those of you interested in the complete list of all words in the AWL and not just the headwords, this list in the form of a pdf file comes from Victoria University.
Academic words to describe change
One sensible way to learn the words is by theme. many of the words in the Academic Word List relate to change: this exercise helps you to use them.
Teaching and learning using the Academic Word List
If you are interested in teaching or learning using the Academic Word List, you might want to check out this resource: